Lithops Care Guide


  • Bright, Direct Sunlight: Lithops thrive in bright, direct sunlight. Place them in a sunny window or provide them with at least 4-5 hours of direct sunlight per day. Too much shade can cause them to elongate and lose their characteristic shape.


  • Sparing Watering: Lithops have specific watering needs. Water sparingly, only when the soil is completely dry. In their natural habitat, they receive minimal rainfall, so mimic this by watering them lightly and infrequently.
  • Seasonal Watering: During their growing season (spring and fall), water lightly every 3-4 weeks. Reduce watering significantly in the summer and winter when they are dormant.


  • Well-Draining Mix: Use a cactus or succulent potting mix that ensures excellent drainage. Adding perlite, pumice, or coarse sand can improve drainage and prevent root rot.


  • Low Humidity Tolerance: Lithops are adapted to arid conditions and do not require high humidity. They thrive in dry environments with low humidity.


  • Warm Temperatures: Lithops prefer warm temperatures between 65-80°F (18-27°C). They can tolerate slightly cooler temperatures at night but must be protected from frost.


  • Minimal Fertilization: Lithops require very little fertilization. If desired, feed them sparingly with a diluted, balanced liquid fertilizer once during the growing season (spring or fall). Avoid fertilizing in summer and winter.


  • No Pruning Needed: Lithops do not require pruning. Remove any dried or dead leaves during their natural shedding process.


  • Rare Repotting: Lithops prefer to be slightly root-bound. Repot only when absolutely necessary, such as when the plant outgrows its container or the soil becomes exhausted, typically every 4-5 years.


  • Monitor for Pests: Keep an eye out for common pests like mealybugs or spider mites. If pests are detected, treat them promptly with insecticidal soap or by gently wiping the affected areas with a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol.

Special Care:

  • Avoid Overwatering: Lithops are highly susceptible to root rot, so avoid overwatering at all costs. Err on the side of underwatering, especially during their dormant periods.
  • Rotate for Even Growth: Occasionally rotate the pot to ensure even exposure to sunlight, promoting balanced growth and preventing the plant from leaning towards the light source.

Popular Lithops Varieties:

Lithops aucampiae Lithops karasmontana Lithops lesliei Lithops fulviceps Lithops salicola Lithops hookeri

Lithops, also known as "living stones," are fascinating succulents that require specific care to thrive. By understanding and mimicking their natural habitat, you can enjoy these unique and beautiful plants for many years. Observe them regularly for any signs of stress or pests, and adjust care as needed to keep them healthy and happy.